TANZANIA HISTORICAL SITES AND MONUMENTS
- Olduvai Gorge;
The Olduvai Gorge is a river canyon about 50 km long and 90 meters deep at some prints, which runs to the north – west of Ngorongoro Crater. It is here where the remains of prehistoric elephant, giant horned sheep and enormous ostriches have been found, as was the very early human remains of Zinjanthroupus bosei dating from 2 million years ago. It was here too, that Mary Leakey uncovered uncovered the most intact Homo habitués skull ever found, thought to date from around 1.75 million years ago. Also within the same conservation area, at Laetoli, 45 km south of Olduvai, one of the most important discoveries in the study of human evolution has been made. In 1978 three hominid trails were discovered, The first prints are believed to have been of a family; – a male followed by a female who trod in his footsteps, with one or the other leading a child on the left, – dating back to 3,6 million ago.
Olduvai Gorge can be visited at any time of the year, but laetoli is inaccessible North of Ngorongoro is Engaruka, where the stone ruins of great village once built on several terraces and whose origins are still open to archaeological investigation tell a story violence and battle.
- Museum of Natural History (Arusha).
Housed in the National Monument known as the German Fort, the museum is entrusted with the responsibility of acquiring, conserving, communicating and exhibition to the public the country’s natural resources treasures.
Oldonyo Lengai (meaning the Mountain of God by the Maasai) is an active volcano in a remote rook of the Rift Valley. Since much of its magma and hence its lava cone material consists of calcium carbonate rock it is considered as the only soda, carbonate volcano in the World. Standing on the crater rim of Oldongo Lengai and watching the sun rise over the Rift Valley is to bear witness to the primeval fires of the first down of creation.
Africa’s Great Rift Valley is the most dramatic potion of a huge crack in the earth that stretches 4,000 miles from Turkey to the Zambezi river. Even without knowing its dimensions, any visitor can see that the place is a wonder. Almost everybody who returns home from an East African safari reports having seen the Rift Valley. It is a place where humanity began and for all its wildness the Rift Valley has been in habited longer than any other place on earth. The present occupants of the Rift Valley are floor are nomadic cattle herders – the Maasai people. Historically, the Maasai are new comers to the area, and many of their predecessors have managed to hold into some remote corners of the Valley. This region of the Rift Valley in Tanzania is the most linguistically diverse and complex in all of Africa. It is the only place on the continent containing all four major. African language families: i.e The Bantu, Click, Cushitic and the Nilotic.